The standard model Calcutta is manufactured by a small, unknown workshop and is a good starter model at a very reasonable price. Material and craftsmanship do not reach by far the high quality of the branded models but they deliver the rounded, soft, sustained overtone sound typical for female Tanpuras. The keynote can be tuned to F sharp – G sharp.
The construction of the female Tanpuras is, apart from the size, the same as that of the male ones. With a size of around 120 to 130 cm they are a little smaller than the male Tanpuras, this is why their tuning is around G, that means their tuning and also their idividual sound are between the instrumental and the male Tanpuras. They are equipped with 4 strings and are traditionally used for accompanying female singers.
The richness in overtones is closely related to the position of the threads which are squeezed in between bridge and strings. The position of the threads changes the bearing angle between strings and bridge and so influences a strong or less strong vibrating/twanging which is responsible for the richness in overtones. If you would like to maintain or change the richness in overtones, you should newly adjust these threads every once in a while in order to keep your favourite sound pattern. This may be necessary with every new tuning of the instrument.
For detailed general information on the different Tanpuras please click on the Info-Link »